On 15 December 2022, the EU Parliament overwhelmingly adopted an urgent resolution on Bahrain calling for the immediate and unconditional release of Danish-Bahraini citizen Abdul-Hadi Al-Khawaja, prisoners of conscience, and death row inmates in Bahrain as well as the end of the use of the death penalty.
The resolution was adopted by 316 votes in favour, 6 against with 38 abstentions [EU Parliament Press Release].
Text of the joint motion available here.
The passing of the resolution came despite serious attempts by the Embassy of Bahrain in Brussels to influence MEPs by smearing Al-Khawaja and sharing private and confidential information about him.
Less than half of the EU Parliament members took part in the vote after the EPP group -largest political party in the EU Parliament- instructed their MEPs not to vote for any EU urgency resolution.
Calls of the Resolution
The resolution calls on Bahrain to:
- Release Abdul-Hadi Al-Khawaja immediately and unconditionally; highlights that all its prisoners of conscience should be released, including Dr Abduljalil Al-Singace, Naji Fateel, Abdulwahab Hussain, Ali Hajee, Sheikh Ali Salman and Hassan Mshaima, who have been detained and sentenced for merely exercising their right to freedom of expression.
- Reintroduce a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty and to immediately release Mohamed Ramadan, Husain Ali Moosa, Maher Abbas al-Khabbaz, Salman Isa Ali Salman, Hussein Abdullah Khalil Ebrahim, Mohammad Radhi Abdulla Hassan, Sayed Ahmed Fuad Abbas Isa Ahmed Al-Abar, Hussein Ali Mahdi Jasim Mohamed, Hussein Ebrahim Ali Hussein Marzooq, Moosa Abdallah Moosa Jafaar, Hussain Abdullah Marhoon Rashid and Zuhair Ebrahim Jasim Abdullah;
- Restore Bahraini citizenship to the almost 300 individuals who have been stripped of it;
Renew MEP Karen Melchior introduced an amendment which passed through: “15. Condemns in the strongest terms any undue influence on the work of the European Parliament, whether directly by foreign countries or indirectly through Government-controlled-NGOs; urges all EU institutions to further strengthen the transparency registry by introducing more stringent rules, and to establish an independent ethics committee for all EU institutions; recalls the recommendations of the INGE report adopted on 9 March 2022 on how to strengthen the EU’s response to foreign interference into the EU’s democratic process; calls on the EEAS to produce a study into the prevalence and influence of malicious state actors in European institutions, think tanks, universities, religious organisations and media institutions;”
Maryam Al-Khawaja, prominent human rights defender and daughter of Abdul-Hadi Al-Khawaja commented: “I welcome this resolution calling for my father’s release and shedding light on the continued human rights violations in Bahrain. My father has been in prison for almost 12 years after being brutally tortured, because he dedicated his life to defending human rights. He should have never spent a day in prison. The Embassy of Bahrain in Brussels threw in its full weight in attempting to put a stop to this resolution, including by smearing my father, but failed. At a time when there is a corruption scandal involving another Gulf State, these MEPs who worked on and passed this resolution showcased the side of the European Parliament that upholds integrity and human rights values.”
Sayed Ahmed Alwadaei, Director of the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy, commented: “This is a landmark victory for Abdul-Hadi Al-Khawaja, Bahraini political prisoners and all those who advocate for human rights in Bahrain. Despite an attempt from EPP party MEPs to block this resolution and to smear Al-Khawaja, one of Bahrain’s most prominent human rights defenders, the resolution has passed. It is clear as day that Gulf states have found ways to influence the EU parliament by bribing politicians and rewarding them with lavish trips to the country. This must trigger a full inquiry into how corrupt Gulf regimes are able to influence EU institutions.”
Negotiations on the Resolution
- The negotiations with the European People’s Party (EPP Group), the largest political group in the EU Parliament, represented by MEP Tomáš Zdechovský, failed as the MEP refused to agree that Mr Al-Khawaja is a human rights defender.
- Following the negotiations with other party groups, EPP Group issued a statement on 14 December 2022 stating that “it will not take part in any preparation, negotiation or plenary debates and votes in the context of the urgency resolutions” citing the recent scandal of bribed MEPs by countries like Qatar.
- MEP Tomáš Zdechovský was subjected to critical criticism by Maryam Al-Khawaja, the daughter of Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja in a video she posted on twitter.
- The Guardian later revealed that Zdechovský had failed to declare a trip to Bahrain in April 2022, when he met the chamber of commerce.
- German MEP Reinhard Bütikofer, member of EPP Group tweeted on Thursday: “EPP unsuccessfully tried to prevent EP from voting on human rights urgency resolutions (China/Chad/Bahrain). Only 239 MEPs from EPP, ECR and ID supported them, 309 MEPs from Renew, S&D, Greens/EFA, Left opposed the move.
On Wednesday evening (December 14 2022), MEPs Karen Melchior, Hannah Neumann and Evin Incir delivered powerful speeches in defence of Mr Al-Khawaja.
The EU Commissioner, Stella Kyriakides, responded: “The most recent dialogue held on October 27 in Manama provided further opportunity to discuss pertinent issues of concern with Bahraini authorities.” She added: “On that occasion, the EU emphasised rule of law as a foundation for our engagement with partner countries. We have also inquired about the conditions in prisons urging Bahrain to seriously investigate any torture allegations and violations of the right to a fair trial as well as to extend an amnesty to all currently on death row. The meeting also allowed raising individual cases including the one of Al-Khawaja.”
Read the full statement here
Background info on Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja
Abdul-Hadi Al-Khawaja is a prominent human rights defender and Danish-Bahraini citizen who was detained in 2011 in Bahrain after leading peaceful protests calling for fundamental freedoms and rights in Bahrain. Almost 12 years later, he remains at Jau Prison facing dire prison conditions and systematic denial of medical treatment.
Al-Khawaja is a life-long human rights defender, activist and leader, founder and former president of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, co-founder of the Gulf Center for Human Rights, former MENA Protection Coordinator at Front Line Defenders, published writer and poet, 2013 Nobel Peace Prize nominee, husband, father, and grandfather. In June 2022 he received the highest human rights recognition, the Martin Ennals Award.
In November 2011, the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry documented in a report that Al-Khawaja was subjected to torture and sexually assaulted by security forces in 2011, stating that “Immediately after the arrest, the detainee received a hard blow to the side of his face, which broke his jaw”, “Security personnel in the hospital threatened him with sexual abuse and execution” and threatened his family, and “spent two months in solitary confinement in a small cell measuring approximately 2.5m x 2m” and that “masked guards” beat him “routinely” and sexually assaulted him, amongst other serious violation.