Despite pressure from the UN and the international community, the death penalty continues to be part of the Bahraini legal system.
In January 2017, capital punishment resumed within the Kingdom, with three torture victims, Abbas AlSameea, Sami Mushaima and Ali Alsingace, executed six days after the Court of Cassation upheld their death sentence. Crimes that warrant the death penalty include treason, terrorism, apostasy and drug trafficking. The absence of a precise definition of terrorism has allowed the Bahraini government to exploit its legal system so as to criminalise acts of opposition, free expression and assembly. The death penalty is conducted via firing squads.
As of December 2018, there are currently 20 Bahraini nationals on death row, all sentenced in political cases. Most of the inmates relate they have been tortured in order to extract a confession that was then used against them at their trial.
Of the 20 death-row inmates, 5 individuals are at imminent risk of execution, having exhausted all domestic remedies. The final step in their case before implementation of the death sentence is ratification of the sentence by the King.
Not only does the death penalty itself stand in conflict with the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights, but those sentenced to death regularly report instances of undue process, torture and violations of personal and human rights.
30 May 2019 – Today, 13 rights groups wrote to King Hamad bin Isa AlKhalifa to urge him to commute the death sentences of torture victims Ali Al-Arab and Ahmed Al-Malali. Both men are... Read more
16 Cross-party MPs wrote a letter to the foreign secretary Head of Jau Prison visited the UK last month – the trip was paid by Bahrain and it costs MoJ £69 5 UN Experts said it... Read more
7 May 2019 – Yesterday, Bahrain’s Court of Cassation rejected the final appeal of Ali AlArab and Ahmed AlMalali, two men sentenced to death in a mass trial for allegedly committing terrorist... Read more
30 April 2019 – The Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy (BIRD) wrote to President Macron urging him to address human rights concerns during tomorrow’s meeting with the King of B... Read more
11 April 2019 – Yesterday, Bahrain’s Council of Representatives passed amendments expanding the use of the death penalty in Bahrain. New legislation would introduce tougher punis... Read more
20 December 2018 – On Monday 17 December, the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy (BIRD) attended an event in Parliament chaired by Liberal Democrat MP Tom Brake, to commemorate... Read more
29 November 2018 – Today, Bahrain’s Fourth High Criminal Court sentenced two individuals to death on alleged terrorism-related charges, and sentenced three others to between seven year... Read more
12 November 2018 – Today, Bahrain’s Fourth High Criminal Court sentenced four individuals to death on charges related to terrorism, three of them being tried in absentia. The charges r... Read more
24 October 2018 – On Monday 22 October 2018, Bahrain’s Court of Cassation overturned the death sentences of political prisoners Mohammed Ramadan and Husain Moosa, and returned their c... Read more